"The Watergate Complex is a series of modern buildings with balconies that


looks like filed down Shark's Teeth" (Gold, 1)


"The Watergate Complex is a series of modern buildings with balconies that
looks like filed down Shark's Teeth" (Gold, 1). Located on the Potomac River
in Washington, D.C. it contains many hotel rooms and offices. What happened in
the complex on June 17, 1972 early in the morning became a very historical
event for our nation that no one will ever forget.

The "Watergate Scandal and constitutional crisis that began on June 17, 1972
with the arrest of five burglars who broke into the Democratic National
Committee (DMC) headquarters at the Watergate office building in Washington
D.C. It ended with the registration of President Richard M. Nixon on August
9, 1974. (Watergate)

At approximately 2:30 in the morning of June 17, 1972 five men were arrested at
the Watergate Complex. The police seized a walkie talkie, 40 rolls of
unexposed film, two 35 millimeter cameras, lock picks, pensized teargas guns,
and bugging devices. (Gold, 75)

These five men and two co-plotters were indicated in September 1972 on charges
of burglary, conspiracy and wire tapping. Four months later they were
convicted and sentenced to prison terms by District Court Judge John J. Sercia
was convinced that relevant details had not been unveiled during the trial and
offered leniency in exchanged for further information. As it became
increasingly evident that the Watergate burglars were tied closely to the
Central Intelligence Agency and the Committee to re-elect the president.
(Watergate)

Four of these men, that were arrested on the morning of June 17, 1972, came
from Miami, Florida. They were Bernard L. Barker, Frank A. Sturgis, Virgillio
R. Gonzalez, and Eugenio R. Martinez. The other man was from Rockville,
Maryland named James W. McCord, Jr. The two co-plotters were G. Gordon Liddy
and E. Howard Hunt. (Watergate)

The senate established and investigative committee headed by Senate Sam Ervin,
Jr., to look into the growing scandal. As they were investigating, they
related that the famous break-in was far more involved than what everyone had
expected. (Watergate)

The White Houses involvement of that morning first became evident when James
McCord wrote a letter to Judge Sirca. In this letter McCord explained that he
wanted to disclose the details of Watergate. He made it apparent that he would
not speak to a Justice department official of an FBI agent. Although his
letter did unveil details, it made server chargers. McCord justified that
"Political pressure" (Westerfled 36) had generated many defendants to plead
guilty and remain silent. He also claimed that there had been whiteness at the
trail who had committed perjury in order to protect the people who headed the
brake-in. McCord declared that he, his family, and his friend may be in danger
if he spoke out. (Westerfled 36-37)

The Senate Watergate Committee saw their chance to unravel the mystery of this
scandal. The offered James McCord a chance to speak publicly. In his first
meeting with representatives of this committee he named two more people that he
claimed were involved in the burglary and cover-up. Theses two men were John
Dean and Jeb Margruder. Margruder was the second-in-charge of the CRP and Dean
was a White House aid. After hearing these substantial accusations the Senate
Watergate Committee promptly subpoenaed John Dean and Jeb Margruder.
(Westerfled 37-38).

After the next session with James McCord he took the whiteness stand and
explained how Liddy had promised him an executive pardon if he would plead
guilty. This began to question the a White House involvement since only the
president could present such a pardon. (Westerfled, 40)

Jeb Margruder was the next witness to testify. He admitted his own perjury to
the Grand Jury and verified what McCord had said. While on the stand he also
revealed another name to add to the list of those involved, John Mitchell.
(Gold, 246-247)

The next witness scheduled to appear was John Dean. In Dean's testimony he
exposed that the Watergate burglary had been only a part of a greater abuse of
power. He said that for four years the White House had used the powers of the
presidency to attack political enemies. They spied on and harassed anyone who
did not agree with Nixon's policies. If a reporter wrote stories criticizing
the White House they would be singled out for tax investigations. The White
House also kept an "Enemies List" (Westerfled 43) of people that the presidents
men wanted revenge on. After being fired, dean kept official documents that
supported his statements. (Westerfled 43-44; Gold 309-330)

John Dean said, is his opening statements, that he had discussed the cover-up
with president Nixon in several meetings. At the first meeting, in September
1972, he told the president how he and other