Policy Profile of Senator Richard Lugar


The following report will attempt to provide a brief, yet
concise policy profile of Indiana Republican Senator Richard
Lugar. Beginning with a short biographical review, the profile
will proceed and concentrate on Senator Lugar\'s major areas of
public policy concern; Foreign Affairs, Agriculture, and in part,
his 1996 Presidential Campaign which encompasses a myriad of
issues, both foreign and domestic.
It would be impossible to include every aspect of Senator
Lugar\'s political career and personal life within the scope of
this paper. Instead, emphasis will be placed on the most
important and critical points of his tenure in American politics,
at the federal level. However, in the conclusion of this text a
rational explanation will be offered to give insight concerning
Senator Lugar\'s motivations and tendencies to act in the way he
does.

Biographical Background

Richard Green Lugar was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, on
April 4, 1932. Attending Shortridge High School he excelled
academically and was the class Valedictorian. After graduation,
Dick Lugar (as he is commonly known) attended Denison University,
in Ohio, and met his future wife Charlene Smeltzer. In 1954
Lugar received his degree from Denison and went on to be a Rhodes
Scholar at Pembroke College on the campus of Oxford University,
in England. Richard and Charlene were married in September,
1956, and now have four sons and six grandchildren.
After completing studies at Oxford, Dick Lugar went to the
American Embassy in London, England and promptly enlisted in the
Navy as an intelligence briefer and was responsible for giving
intelligence reports to \'high brass\', including the President of
the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Along with Senator Lugar\'s political achievements, he has
occupied positions in the private sector, as well as a stint in
the United States Navy. As a young man Richard Lugar worked at,
and managed the family businesses, a farm, and a food machinery
firm started by his Grandfather over 100 years ago, Thomas L.
Green & Company. Both are located in the Indianapolis area.
In 1964, Lugar obtained his first political office with the
Indianapolis School Board. He then went on to win the Mayoral
bid in 1968, and served two terms at the head of city government
in Indianapolis. Senator Lugar\'s next stepping stone in politics
would be a failed attempt for the office of United States Senator
in 1974, losing to incumbent Birch Bayh, father of the current
Indiana Governor, Evan Bayh. Suprisingly, Lugar lost the
election by only 75,000 votes, quite an accomplishment
considering the incumbency factor.
Lugar ran for the Senate again in 1976 and captured the seat
from Democratic incumbent Vance Hartke. Senator Lugar has since
been reelected two times (in 1988, he won by an overwhelming 68%
percent of the total vote) and is currently in the midst of a
campaign for President of the United States where he faces eight
other challengers for the Republican nomination.
Other achievements by Lugar that are worth mentioning are:
His selection to the vice-presidency of the National League of
Cities in 1970. He was appointed chairman, of the Republican
Senatorial Campaign Committee for the 98th Congress. Served as
chairman for the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations from 1985
to 1987. He is currently the chairman of the Senate Committee on
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. Senator Lugar also serves
on the Senate Select Intelligence Committee, and Foreign Affairs
sub-committees; Western Hemisphere and Peace Corps Affairs,
International Economic Policy, East Asian and Pacific Affairs,
Trade, Oceans and Environment. (101st, 486-489; 102nd,485-488;
Directory,1399; Miller, 95\')

Foreign Affairs

Senator Richard Lugar is acknowledged to be one of the pre-
eminent national leaders in the realm of foreign policy. Some
have even claimed that he is in reality a "shadow Secretary of
State", being recognized around the globe for his involvement
with international politics. Lugar\'s involvement and membership
to key Senate Foreign Affairs sub-committees, and being the chair
of the full committee for one session of Congress shows his
willingness and diligence to be involved in this policy area.
Note, however, Senator Lugar was forced out of the chairmanship
and did not voluntarily leave. (101st Congress, 486)
Lugar has four principle premises for good foreign policy.
They are as follows:

* " To defend and advance the cause of democracy, freedom, and
human rights throughout the world."
* "To promote prosperity and social progress through a free,
open, and expanding market-oriented global economy."
* "To work diplomatically to help resolve dangerous regional
conflicts."
* "To work to reduce and eventually eliminate the danger of
nuclear war."

Senator Lugar has made an ernest attempt to embrace these ideas
and employ their definitions in most all areas of foreign
policy. (Lugar, 28)
During Lugar\'s career