Pluralism As The Most Descriptive Theory Of American Government


There are several different theories as to the question of
how America is governed. There are those who still espouse the
civics book theory, in which the individual is represented
by his vote; those who advocate various elitist theories,
claiming that we as individuals have no voice, and are merely
pawns in some larger game, and there are those others who support
what is known as the pluralist theory. Pluralism suggests that
policy decisions are not the result of an individual citizen's
vote (or a vote of a population of citizens) but instead the
result of the interaction and competition of various interest
groups. This theory, it can be argued, is the most descriptive of
America as we know it. There are several examples on which to
draw in order to support this theory. In the April 8th issue of
Time Magazine1, there appears an article titled "The New Party
Bosses" and subtitled "Who really controls politics? Meet the
power brokers who will help decide this year's contest". This is
a textbook example of pluralism being a descriptive theory, and I
could write this paper based entirely on it, but as the
assignment calls for references to the Wilcox book, that's what
I'll use.