Marijuana Effects



Marijuana is a mood altering or psychoactive drug that
has many nicknames, such as pot, weed, ganja, sensi, herb, and
others. It is an ancient drug that dates back to hundreds of
years to Asia. Many cultures have used it during meditation,
religious worship, and for intoxication. Marijuana itself comes
from the Indian Hemp plant. It is the third most widely used
drug in the United States, according to a survey taken in 1988,
and it is the number one illegally used drug in the United
States. Marijuana is so popular that an estimated one out of
every three people in the US have tried it and around 44% of US
high school students have smoked it. Marijuana users are not
easily detectable, nor is the drug just used in one area of
society.

The Indian Hemp plant is found all over the world, including the
US. There are three different types of Indian Hemp. They are
Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Rudderalis. These
three plants vary in size and mood altering effect. The hemp
plant has many uses and has been farmed for centuries. Marijuana
can be taken in three ways, by eating, made into a tea, or
smoking (the most popular). Smoking it can be done three ways,
through a pipe, a joint, blunt. A joint is a rolled piece of
paper that is twisted at the ends. A blunt is normally an
emptied cigar wrapper filled with marijuana. In a blunt you can
fit much more marijuana. Though a blunt isn\'t always purely
marijuana, it can be mixed with other drugs such as angel dust.
The results are varied when someone smokes marijuana.

Different people will get different results, and certain types of
cannabis can cause different effects. The amount of THC
(marijuana\'s main Active chemical) may also change the result.
If alcohol, or other drug use is occurring while smoking
marijuana, the effect could be different. A first time marijuana
smoker will probably feel no effect. A chronic or heavy user
will get a high (intoxication). When a person is high, normal
sights, sounds, tastes, or events can seem very funny or
interesting. When intoxicated, time seems to pass a lot slower.
To the user, minutes will seem like hours. The intoxicated
person may get very thirsty or hungry, a common effect called, "
the munchies." A few minutes after the person inhales they will
probably get a dry mouth, rapid heartbeat, decreased reaction
time, and also a loss of coordination. The blood vessels in the
user\'s eyes will probably enlarge, giving the person a blood shot
appearance. Within 2 to 3 hours the effects will die down
and the person will feel sleepy.

How is marijuana harmful? There are many ways that marijuana can
harm the body, both the immediate effect and long term effects.
It often disables the users short-term memory and may cause
trouble with challenging tasks. Even very simple tasks can
become a struggle for someone who is high. A student that is
under the influence of marijuana may find it hard to learn or
concentrate. A persons timing and coordination are normally
delayed by marijuana. As a result the person will be very
confused and useless. The effect marijuana can have on the brain
and central nervous system are very serious. Smoking marijuana
will reduce the strength and speed of communications between the
mind and body. This occurs in the brain and muscles, causing the
user to not be as focused. Short-term marijuana use leads to a
drowsiness and relaxing effect. This is why marijuana users have
trouble remembering things. A heavy dose of marijuana can
decrease the amount of blood pumped into the brain.

Marijuana effects the brain\'s control over muscles also. Heavy
usage of marijuana can have a lasting effect on the users short-
term memory. The blood flow to the back of the brain is greater
than the front, after smoking. This is believed to cause the
high sensation the user is after. The short-term effect of
marijuana will increase blood pressure and pulse rate up to 16
points above normal. It will also slow down the digestive
processing of food. People who smoke marijuana often will
have a below normal pulse rate and blood pressure. A chronic
user