Events leading to the American Revolution




During the late seventeen hundreds, many tumultuous
events resulted in Colonial opposition to Great Britain. The
conditions of rights of the colonists will slowly be changed
as the constriction of the parliament becomes more and more
intolerable. During the Seven Years\' War England was not
only alarmed by the colonists\' insistence on trading with
the enemy, but also with Boston merchants hiring James Otis
inorder to protest the legality of the writs of assistance
(general search warrants) used to hunt out smuggled goods.
"let the parliament lay what burthens they please on us, we
must, it is our duty to submit and patiently bear them, till
they will be pleased to relieve us....". This is a very
strong dictum, that in 1764, the colonists were of a
submissive nature, and were weakly pleading for self-
autonomy. This small fire of anger will become a huge
conflagration as the rights are slowly rescinded.
On October 19, 1765 the Stamp Act Congress and
Parliamentary Taxation committee\'s passed some laws that
attempted to strengthen the grip of the English crown.
"I.That his Majesty\'s subjects in these colonies, owe the
same allegiance to the Crown of Great Britain that is owing
from his subjects born within the realm, and all due
subordination to that august body, the Parliament of Great
Britain." This statement can be used as a summation of the
entire document that the Stamp Act Congress had initiated.
The statement depicts the colonists has having to be
submissive and servile in the view of Great Britain, this
policy angered the colonists very much, and was another
component of the transition of the colonists\' rights and
liberties.
When the Declatory Act was passed in March of 1766,
many colonies were attempting to claim that they were
"seceding" from England. "Whereas several of the houses of
representatives in his Majesty\'s colonies and plantations in
America, have of late, against law, or to the general
assemblies of the same, the sole and exclusive right of
imposing duties and taxes upon his Majesty\'s subjects in the
said colonies....be it declared ...., that the said colonies
and plantations in America, have been, are, and of right
ought to be, subordinate unto, and dependent upon the
imperial Crown and Parliament of Great Britain;".
The Parliament of course denounced the attempt at
independance and still dogmatilcally passed the following
law to show that the colonists were still british subjects.
Again, the colonists were infuriated and later will resist
the british imperialism on the colonies. "All before, are
calculated to regulate trade, and preserve prpromote a
mutually beneficial intercourse between the several
constituent parts of the empite"", yet those duties were
always imposed with design to restrain the commerce of one
part". This statement by the colonist (John Dickinson),
shows that the sole rason for new taxes is just for the
British gov\'t to make money, at the expense of the economy
of the colonies. Dickinson makes a important distinction
between the rights of the colonies and the authority of the
parliament. Dickinson\'s comments were ubiquitous among the
colonists, and thus infuriated them to rebellion, and the
seizure of basic democratic rights. "From necessity of the
case, and a regard to the mutual interest of both countries,
we cheerfully consent to the operation of such acts of the
British parliament as are bona fide restrained to the
regulation of our external commerce, for the purpose of
securing the commercial advantages of the whole empire
to the mother country , and the commercial benefits of it\'s
respective members excluding every idea of taxation,
internal or external, for raising a revenue on the subjects
in America without their consent ...."
The continental congress had presented it\'s colonial
rights. These rights enable the colonies to be more
autonomous with exception to those several states who are
under the british control. One important element of the
document, is the idea of taxation without representation;
the said that raising taxes without consent was illegal and
that the commercial benefits of the colony should be shared
within the colonies, instead of England becoming more and
more economically prosperous. The whole idea of
mercantilism was about to be crushed, due to this idea, of
self-autonomy with respect to colonial economics. "Ye that