Comparison of Herbert\'s "Dune" and Asimov\'s "Foundation Series": Effects of


Technology and Belief Systems on the Individual


Technology and belief have a great deal to do in making a good science
fiction novel. Frank Herbert\'s Dune and Isaac Asimov\'s Foundation series
give excellent examples of this. Belief systems are defined as religious
beliefs in a society. Technology is defined as the level of science
achieved in a society. These two factors play separate roles in a society.
Yet, at times, they fall into the same categories like in the book Dune
where science reflects religious aspects or in Foundation where the society
depends on religion and social behavior to survive the onslaught of
advanced technology. Religion might be a fuel to achieve a specific level
of technology. Such as in the Bible, "Seek and you shall find." May mean
that God wants all Christians to achieve the highest amount of experience
that they are capable of. Religion gives an individual, morals and control,
while science gives an individual the medium under which he can explore the
hidden. "Dune" is a fine example that shows the mingling of religion and
science and how it affects the individual or society.

Religion is the main idea in the book Dune. The author states the
different types of religions that come to pass since the beginning of this
age. Before the coming of Muad\'Dib (a savior), the desert people on the
planet of Arrakis practiced a religion whose roots came from an
undetermined source. Many scholars have traced the extensive borrowing of
this religion from other religions. Many people were confused to find that
so many ideas in one religion easily reflected another. From this
confusion, the people of Arrakis formed a committee known as the Orange
Catholic Liturgical Church. This church was the first to introduce a type
of religious belief in which there was one god, and the book of revelation
was known as the Orange Catholic Bible. After this church, came the Bene
Gesserit, who privately denied that their order was a religious order, but
in fact, all of their teachings and beliefs were quite religious. Following
this religious order, came an age of agnostic rule. In this time, people
thought religion was a type of theatrical way to keep the people amused and
believed that all phenomenon even unexplained phenomenon could be reduced
to simple scientific explanation. As time changed, the fourth religious
movement was the Ancient Teachings. These ancient teachings included
Zensunni Wanderers, the Navachristianity of Chusuk, the BuddIslamic
Variants of the types dominant at Lankival and Sikun, the Blend Books of
the Mahayana Lankavatara, the Zen Hekiganshu of III Delta Pavonis, the
Tawrah and Talmudic Zabur and the Muadh Quran. Frank Herbert\'s imagination
takes us through all of these religious orders to show the chaos in our own
society\'s religious failings. All of these religious beliefs have shaped
the final religion of Arrakis which is called the religion of the Muad\'Dib.

Yet, there is still one truly final religion of sorts that has
affected the people of Arrakis more than any other spiritual religion and
this following is known to many of us as Space Travel. Mankind\'s movement
through deep space amazed the people of Arrakis and slowly these people
thought of space travel as a religion and not a science. This is due to
actual science of space travel being hidden and portrayed as being
mystical. From the idea of space, different churches had their own ideas of
creation. The religious faiths have the feeling that the sacred is touched
by anarchy from the outer dark, and this outer dark is space. There was
never a clear decision on religious matters after space travel was
introduced because the individual always had doubts as to the authenticity
of the revelation. During this period of space travel, high bishops of the
Orange Catholic Bible reinterpreted, Gods word from Genesis and stated it
as "Increase and multiply, and fill the universe, and subdue it and rule
over all manner of strange beasts and living creatures in the infinite
airs, on the infinite earths and beneath them."

As technology evolved on Arrakis, so did religion and social behavior.
The idea of God being a machine and infinitely logical was overthrown by
the masses and a new concept was raised "Man may not be replaced."
Throughout the decades, the leaders of the several religions met to
exchange views due to all the wars that followed in the name of religion.
When interstellar travel was achieved, a new commission was formed known as
the Commission of Ecumenical Translators. This commission\'s goal was to
weed out the true,