Animal Farm: Animal Satire


A Research Paper

Table Of ContentS
ABSTRACT i
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ii

1. CHAPTER
THE AUTHOR: GEORGE ORWELL 1
1.1. PRESENTATION 1
1.2. HIS LIFE 1
1.3. HIS TIME: POLITICAL BACKGROUND 4
1.3.1. THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION 5
1.3.2. THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR 7
1.4. ORWELL AND THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR 8
1.5. ANIMAL FARM 9

2. CHAPTER
SATIRE 13
2.1. PRESENTATION 13
2.2. WHAT IS SATIRE? 13
2.2.1. DEFINITION 13
2.2.2. CHARACTERISTICS OF SATIRE 14
2.2.3. TECHNIQUES OF SATIRE 17

3. CHAPTER
METHOD OF RESEARCH 19
3.1. PRESENTATION 19
3.2. PROCEDURE 19

4. CHAPTER
ANIMAL FARM AS SATIRE 21
4.1. PRESENTATION 21
4.2. ELEMENTS OF SATIRE IN ANIMAL FARM 21
4.2.1. SUMMARY OF THE PLOT 22
4.2.2. SATIRICAL TECHNIQUES IN ANIMAL FARM 24
4.2.2.1. APPROACH TO THE SUBJECT 24
4.2.2.2. VIEW POINT 26
4.2.2.3. CHARACTERISATION 27
4.2.2.4. IRONY 34
4.2.2.5. COMPARISON OF ANIMAL FARM AND
THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION 43

5. CHAPTER
CONCLUSION 49
5.1. SUMMARY OF THE STUDY 49
5.2. CONCLUSION OF THE STUDY 49
REFERENCES 51

ABSTRACT

Animal Farm as Political Satire
KORKUT, Rydvan
Supervisor: Assoc.Prof. Dr. Joshua M. Bear

This study aims to determine that George Orwell\'s Animal Farm is a
political satire which was written to criticise totalitarian
regimes and particularly Stalin\'s practices in Russia. In order to
provide background information that would reveal causes led Orwell
to write Animal Farm, Chapter one is devoted to a brief summary of
the progress of author\'s life and significant events that had
impact on his political convictions. Chapter one also presents
background information about Animal Farm. Chapter two is devoted
to satire. In this chapter, definition of satire is presented and
some important characteristics of satire are discussed. In chapter
three, the method of this research is described. Under the light
of information presented in the previous chapters, Chapter four
discusses Animal Farm and focuses on the book as a political
satire. The last chapter presents the conclusion of this study.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I would first like to express my sincere thanks to my thesis
supervisor, Assoc.Prof. Dr. Jashua M. Bear for his help and
freedom he gave me in this study. Without his understanding this
thesis would never have been completed.

I also wish to thank my sister Fidan Korkut for her suggestions in
the planning stage of this study and her endurance during my long
study days at home.

My special thanks go to ™zgr Ceylan, who constantly granted me
her moral support. She was always there when I needed her.


CHAPTER
THE AUTHOR: GEORGE ORWELL
Presentation

This chapter introduces general information about George Orwell\'s
life. It includes chronological progress of his life and his
political convictions. Furthermore, important events, such as The
Russian Revolution and The Spanish Civil War which had significant
influence on his commitment to write Animal Farm will be
discussed. Lastly, general information about Animal Farm will be
given.

His Life

The British author George Orwell, pen name of Eric Arthur Blair,
was born in Motihari, India, June 25, 1903. His father was an
important British civil servant in India, which was then part of
the British Empire. A few years after Eric was born, he retired on
a low pension and moved back to England. Though their income was
not much enough, the Blair family sent their son away to boarding
school which was an exclusive preparatory school, to prepare him
for Eton Collage. Eric then won a scholarship to Eton Collage.
During his education from the age of eight to eighteen, as he
wrote in his essay about his school experiences titled "Such, Such
Were the Joys," he experienced many things about the "world where
the prime necessities were money, titled relatives, athleticism,
tailor-made clothes", inequality, oppression and class
distinctions in the schools of England (In Ball,1984).

After the education at Eton College in England, Eric joined the
Indian Imperial Police in British-Ruled Burma in 1922. There he
witnessed oppression again, but this time he was looking at things
from the top. Having served five years in Burma, he resigned in
1927 and turned back to Europe and lived in Paris for more than a
year. Though he wrote novels and short stories he found nobody to
get them published. He worked as a tutor and even as a dishwasher
in Paris. During his poor days in Paris, he once more experienced
the problems of the oppressed, the helpless and lower class
people.

In 1933, After having many experiences about the life at the
bottom of society, he wrote Down and Out in Paris and London and
published it under his pen name "George Orwell." After a year in
1934 he published his novel Burmese Days, which he reflected his
experiences there. Then, he published A Clergyman\'s Daughter in
1935, and Keep the Aspidistra Flying in 1936.

In 1936, his publisher