An Essay On Abortion. Both Sides of the Issue Are Stated.


During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and
war as one of the most debatable subject of controversy in the
United States. It discusses human interaction where ethics,
emotions and law come together. Abortion poses a moral, social
and medical dilemma that faces many individuals to create a
emotional and violent atmosphere. There are many points of view
toward abortion but the only two fine distinctions are "pro-
choice" and "pro-life". A pro-choicer would feel that the
decision to abort a pregnancy is that of the mothers and the
state has no right to interfere. A pro-lifer would hold that from
the moment of conception, the embryo or fetus is alive. This life
imposes on us a moral obligation to preserve it and that abortion
is tantamount to murder (Kolner 5).
In the United States about 1.6 million pregnancies end in
abortion. Women with incomes under eleven thousand are over three
times more likely to abort than those with incomes above twenty-
five thousand. Unmarried women are four to five times more likely
to abort than married and the abortion rate has doubled for 18
and 19 year olds. Recently the U.S. rate dropped 6 percent
overall but the rate of abortion among girls younger than 15
jumped 18 percent. The rate among minority teens climbed from 186
per 1,000 to 189 per 1,000.
The most popular procedure involved in abortions is the
vacuum aspiration which is done during the first trimester (three
months or less since the women has become pregnant). A tube is
simply inserted through the cervix and the contents of the uterus
are vacuumed out. The most commonly used type of second trimester
abortion is called dilation and evacuation. Since the fetus has
bones, bulk and can move, second trimester is not as simple. When
as much of the fetus and placenta are vacuumed out then
tweezers are used to remove larger parts. After this, or the
beginning of the fifth month abortion is serious and actually
induced as childbirth. That is, the mother is given substances
which puts her into labor and delivers the fetus as she would a
full-term baby. About 40 percent of Americans believe that
abortion should remain legal and 40 percent believe it should be
banned except when the pregnancy threatens the life of the
mother or is the result of rape or incest. Also 15 percent b
eveit should be illegal in all cases. Although abortion is
regarded as a women\'s right, it should be banned with exceptions
because it\'s considered murder, has many psychological side
effects and there is an alternative.
Abortion is a women\'s own right and choice. In 1973 the Roe
v. Wade decision proved this by recognizing abortion as a
fundamental constitution right and made it legal in all states.
The law now permits abortion at the request of the women without
any restrictions in the first trimester and some restrictions in
the second trimester to protect the women\'s health. The National
Abortion Right Act League argues that without legal abortion
women would be denied their constitutional right of privacy and
liberty. The women\'s right to her own body subordinates those of
the fetus and the U.S. Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade argued that
the women\'s "right to privacy" overruled the fetus\'s right to
life. If abortion was illegal it would force poor women to bear
and raise children they can\'t afford to bring up. There would be
a number of unsafe abortions in back allies. It would also force
women to give up their dreams and stay home to bring up babies.
Worst of all, it would condemn victims o apeand incest to carry
and nurture the offspring of their rapist.(Kolner 5) Abortion is
necessary for women to have control over their own bodies and
life. One activist said, "If I hadn\'t had that abortion my life
would have been a disaster. I wouldn\'t have made it to medical
school. I was married at that point to a very ill man and it
would have been terrible to have to have my baby. People who need
abortions are in some kind of turmoil and it\'s really a life-
saving thing."(Blender 4) To ignore the rights of others is
selfish and injustice. Women must have the right to control the
functions of their own bodies. Revern George Gardiner pastor of
the college Hill United Methodist Church, told the council that
the ordnance would have done little good. "Young women need the
freedom to make choices for their reproductive life when their
family can\'t guarantee them parental support."(Lynn B6-7)
Women should not